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122 FINAL EXAM QUESTIONS - 4 Recently a number of...

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HISTORY 122 FINAL ESSAY QUESTIONS 1. Frequently cultural historians describe the West as having gone through two phases of scientific, intellectual and cultural modernization. The first phase was from the 17 th through the 18th centuries, and the second phase began towards the end of the 19 th century extended into the 1930s. What would justify characterizing the later time period as a partially separate second phase of scientific, intellectual and cultural development? 2. World War I is typically viewed as a pivotal event in world history. Why? 3. Europe dominated the world by the 1880s but by 1945 the European centered world was over. What historical developments between those two dates account for this significant change in the global distribution of power and influence?
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Unformatted text preview: 4. Recently a number of historians have created narratives in which 1914 to 1945 is conceived of as a single period in modern history. What historical developments and changes would historians refer to and explain as a way of justifying this periodization scheme? 5. Compare and contrast the 20th-century historical evolution of two of the following: a. China b. Japan c. Middle East 6. Certainly the central dynamic of the Cold War was the strategic competition between the Soviet Union and the United States. But it seemed to have significantly shaped the history of the world from the end of World War II to the Collapse of the Soviet Union. What historical developments and events seem to confirm that global influence?...
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