122 Study Review Chapt 21 through 27

122 Study Review Chapt 21 through 27 - Chapter 21: The...

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Chapter 21: The Revolution in Western Politics, 1775—1815 STUDY-REVIEW EXERCISES Review Check your understanding of this chapter by answering the following questions. 1. The ideas of liberty and equality were the central ideas of classical liberalism. Define these ideas. Are they the same as democracy? Where did they come from? 2. According to Locke, what is the function of government? 3. Did the Americans or the British have the better argument with regard to the taxation problem? 4. Why is the Declaration of Independence sometimes called the world's greatest political editorial? 5. What role did the European powers play in the American victory? Did they gain anything? 6. What was the major issue in the debate between the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists? 7. Did the American Revolution have any effect on France? 8. Describe the three estates of France. Who paid the taxes? Who held the wealth and power in France? 9. With the calling of the Estates General, "the nobility of France expected that history would repeat itself." Did it? What actually did happen? 10. What were the reforms of the National Assembly? Do they display the application of liberalism to society? 11. What were the cause and outcome of the peasants' uprising of 1789? 12. What role did the poor women of Paris play in the Revolution? 13. Why were France and Europe overcome with feelings of fear and mistrust? 14. Why did the Revolution turn into war in 1792? 15. Who were the sans-culottes? Why were they important to radical leaders such as Robespierre? What role did the common people play in the Revolution? 16. Why did the Committee of Public Safety need to institute a Reign of Terror? 17. Describe the Grand Empire of Napoleon in terms of its three parts. Was Napoleon a liberator or a tyrant? 18. What caused Napoleon's downfall? Was it inevitable? Definition Define the following key concepts and terms. Liberalism checks andbalances natural or universal rights Republican
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Popular sovereignty Tithe Identification Identify and explain the significance of each of the following people and terms: Stamp Act Battle of Trafalgar American Bill of Rights Loyalists Constitutional Convention of 1787 Treaty of Paris, 1783 Jacobins Girondists Mountain Reign of Terror National Assembly Declaration of the Rights of Woman Bastille Sans-culottes “the baker, the baker’s wife, and the baker’s boy” Lord Nelson Mary Wollstonecroft Edmund Burke Marie Antoinette Marquis de Lafayette Thomas Jefferson Robespierre John Locke Abbé Sieyès CHAPT 22: THE INDUSTIAL REVOLUTION IN EUROPE STUDY REVIEW EXERCISES Review Check your understanding of this chapter by answering the following questions: 1. Why did the Industrial Revolution begin in England? 2.
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122 Study Review Chapt 21 through 27 - Chapter 21: The...

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