STUDY GUIDE Chapts 27 to 30

STUDY GUIDE Chapts 27 to 30 - CHAPTER 27: The Great Break:...

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CHAPTER 27: The Great Break: War and Revolution STUDY REVIEW EXERCISES Review Check your understanding of this chapter by answering the following questions. 1. How did Bismarck's system of alliances help maintain peace? 2. What was the purpose of the German-Russian Reinsurance Treaty? Why did it end in 1890 and with what results? 3. What were the reasons for Britain and Germany's love-hate relationship? 4. Why was the Moroccan crisis of 1905 a turning point in European diplomacy? 5. What impact did the Congress of Berlin (1878) have on the Balkan area? Who was bound to be the loser in the Balkans? 6. What were the origins and causes of the "Third Balkan War" in 1914? 7. Which of the major powers do you believe most responsible and least responsible for the First World War? Explain. 8. What impact did the war have on the economy and the people at home? How cooperative was the population? 9. Did the war have any effect on the power of organized labor? On women in society? 10. How did the war tend to have an equalizing effect on society? 11. What evidence is there that the strain of war was beginning to take its toll on the home front in Russia, Austria, France, and Germany by 1916? 12. What were the reasons for the Russian Revolution in March 1917? Was revolution inevitable? 13. What were the soviets? What role did they play in the Bolshevik Revolution? 14. What was it about Lenin's character that made him a successful revolutionary? Why were his ideas popular with peasants and urban workers? 15. Why did Kerensky and the provisional government fail? 16. What were the reasons for the Bolshevik victory in the civil war? 17. Were there one, two, or many Russian revolutions in 1917? Explain. 18. What happened to the Austro-Hungarian and Turkish empires after 1918? 19. What were the goals of Wilson, Lloyd George, and Clemenceau at the Versailles peace conference? 20. The Treaty of Versailles is often seen as a major cause of the Second World War. Do you agree? Why? 21. Compare and contrast the Versailles settlement of 1919 with the Vienna settlement of 1815. What similarities do you see? What were the most striking
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22. How did the post World War I revolutions in Russia and Germany differ? How were they the same? Definition Define the following key concepts and terms: Congress of Berlin, 1878 Schlieffen Plan "total war" totalitarian western front Bolsheviks principle of national self-determination war reparations Identification Identify and explain the significance of the following people and terms: First Balkan War, 1912 Lawrence of Arabia Reinsurance Treaty Algeciras Conference of 1906 Anglo-French Entente of 1904 "Third Balkan War" (1914) Lusitania Admiral Tirpitz (German) Auxiliary Service Law of 1916 David Lloyd George Rasputin Georges Clemenceau Duma Explanation Explain what role each of the following played in the Russian Revolution: Tsar Nicholas II Petrograd Soviet Leon Trotsky Petrograd bread riots (1917) Congress of the Soviets Kiev mutiny (1918)
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STUDY GUIDE Chapts 27 to 30 - CHAPTER 27: The Great Break:...

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