Ch18 - Ch 18 page 1 Chapter 18 Ketones and Aldehydes CHM 2211 Davidson 1 The Carbonyl Group Recall structure of carbonyl group 2 Nomenclature

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Ch. 18 – page 1 Chapter 18 – Ketones and Aldehydes CHM 2211 – Davidson 1. The Carbonyl Group Recall structure of carbonyl group… 2. Nomenclature, Physical Properties, and Industrial Importance Read about these and learn on your own Skip spectroscopy of ketones and aldehydes 3. Synthesis of Aldehydes and Ketones Review previous ways to make aldehydes and ketones o Oxidation of alcohols (section 11-2) o Ozonolysis of alkenes (section 8-15B) o Friedel-Crafts acylations (section 17-11) o Hydration of Alkynes (section 9-9F)
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Ch. 18 – page 2 Hydroboration of Alkynes o Use Sia 2 BH – only adds once across alkyne o Example Alkylation of 1,3-dithianes o Deprotonated by strong base – n-butyllithium o Hydrolysis gives free ketone or aldehyde Ketones from carboxylic acids o Use organolithium reagents
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Ketones from Nitriles o Use Grignard or organolithium reagents o Workup includes hydrolysis of imine Aldehydes and Ketones from Acid Chlorides
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This note was uploaded on 06/18/2008 for the course CHM 2211 taught by Professor Castalleano during the Spring '06 term at University of Florida.

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Ch18 - Ch 18 page 1 Chapter 18 Ketones and Aldehydes CHM 2211 Davidson 1 The Carbonyl Group Recall structure of carbonyl group 2 Nomenclature

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