ARH301 Exam I - ARH 301 Exam I 09.06.05 brief overview of...

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ARH 301 Exam I 09.06.05 - brief overview of the semester o Lascaux Cave: o Venus of Willendorf: little woman statue with big bosom; no face. Mesopotamia: Ziggurat at Ur o Created by Sumerian culture o Architecture; function of architecture (religious, etc.) o Messages from the architecture: religious, political, authority Ancient Egypt: Giza Pyramids o At first sight seems similar to Ziggurat, however, functions completely different o Pyramids for burial (usually for pharaohs) o Along Nile River (west side-- why? sun sets in the west) o Egyptian sculpture Found in the west along with the funeral stuff Naturalism: naturalistic components like chest, arms, legs Idealized: shown is best physical form and stylized; like very good physical form-- good chest Teotihuacán, Mexico o We have no idea which culture this comes from; quite mysterious; huge site; cardinal directions-- important o Will also look at Ancient Maya, etc. Olmec ruler, c. 1200 BCE o Giant head; weighs about 3 tons o Monumental heads of rulers-- how they articulated their power The Greek Parthenon and the Roman Colosseum o Greek sculpture-- why so human oriented? They pay close attention to the human body-- how to make it in stone? Man as the ideal Medieval Period, the Middle Ages o Architecture; cathedrals, etc. o Meant to make you feel small when you enter Renaissance o Michelangelo’s David o The beauty of the human body-- reflection of the pure spirit o Raphael’s School of Athens , c. 1510 o Rendering of space; creating depth on a flat surface Impressionism o Lead the way for modern art o During the industrial revolution (photography was appearing) o Turning towards new, innovative sources for inspiration (like African and Asian art) Things to look for this semester: the big picture o role of art in a culture o window into history 09.13.05 – Upper Paleolithic Period Upper Paleolithic Period (Stone Age): 40,000BC - 11,000 BC o Carved objects out of stone and bone (allal – use to be smooth, but now in shapes of animals, horse heads, etc) o Art appears rather dramatically; not sure why art emerged at this time o Bone, teeth, and seashells made necklaces, beads, etc. for personal adornment o Bone needles have been found must have had textiles “Venus of Willendorf” (book calls Statuette of Woman) o 25,000 – 20,000 BCE o She has no face o Emphasis on her enormous breasts and vagina o Art figurines: Majority of figures of this time are female May symbolize productivity
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Some figurines show different lifecycles could be used for educational Could have just been dolls (seems unlikely) Ancestor worship They do not have facial features; very general women figurines no portraits of specific women Relief Sculptures o Carved onto rock surfaces o Appeared in shallow rock structures/caves evidence of daily living, like shelters
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ARH301 Exam I - ARH 301 Exam I 09.06.05 brief overview of...

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