Section I-1: Introduction to Textiles
A term generally applied to fibers, yarns, fabrics, or products made of fibers, yarns, or fabrics.
A unit of matter that is characterized by having a length at least 100 times its diameter or width and which
can be spun into yarns, or made into a fabric. Fiber is the smallest component, hair-like in nature, that can be
separated from a fabric.
An assemblage of fibers that is twisted or laid together so as to form a continuous strand that can be made
into a textile fabric
A flexible planar substance constructed from solutions, fibers, yarns, or fabrics, in any combination.
- methods in the production of the fabrics:
- woven interlaced yarns
- knit, Interloped yarns
- nonwoven, bonded Fibers
- composite, combination of several structures
Providing colors to textiles
Providing desirable functions to textiles
- some functions
- Water-repellent : has very low surface tension; some has Teflon (like in pots)
- Threats of Infectious Diseases
- Third leading cause of death in the United States and the leading cause worldwide
- leading causes of death in US: 1. heart disease 2. cancer 3. infectious diseases
- One in 20 hospitalized Americans —1.8 million people develop an infection, with
88,000 of them dying
- Infectious diseases cost $ 120 billion per year
- germ carrier
- textile materials cause a lot of concern
- germs can survive on textiles for 90 days
- there are antimicrobial materials that recharge themselves after being washed in
Section I-2: Introduction to Textiles Continued
- Where can we find textiles?
Items will be worn
Used as surface covers within homes and commercial buildings (carpeting, draperies,
curtains, upholstery, wall coverings)
Household and Institutional Textiles:
All textiles used within the home except the interior textiles, are
household textiles. Same items used in public places are referred to institutional textiles.
Industrial and technical textiles:
“If you don’t wear it, sit on it, or walk on it, it is an industrial or
- What do we expect from textiles?
describes the measure of a textile product’s ability to meet consumer’s needs; things we
expect from textiles
the products withstand use; the length of time the product is considered suitable for
the use for which it is purchased; eventually textiles will have to “retire”, but how long it lasts is
Durability may be bad for disposable items such as for medical use
the way textiles affect heat, air, and moisture transfer and the way the body
with a textile product. Freedom from discomfort.
- Why do some textiles collect static electricity?