HISTORY PAPER - John Knezevic 1 TITLE Europeans made the...

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John Knezevic 1 TITLE Europeans made the bold choice to make the long journey to North America. It was a ripe opportunity that was filled with hopes and dreams. The colonists, as they became to be called, scattered along the eastern side of the continent to be close to the Atlantic and the ports. Their lives were lived out in relative peace among themselves for many years, until the mighty country of British became increasingly more involved. As the colonies grew, Britain kept enforcing increasingly harsher taxes and regulations on the colonists to continue to make profit. This ultimately drove the colonists to fight Britain and eventually be victorious in the American Revolutionary War. To a certain extent, if Britain had executed and altered their tactical war plan better to their surroundings, they could have been victorious and gained an even stronger foothold in North America. This clearly was not the case as several key factors played an important role in determining the outcome of the war. The first and obvious factor contributing to the British defeat was the sheer distance between the battlefield and the country of Britain. The three thousand mile distance heavily crippled the Brits from receiving supplies and weapons in a timely manner. The colonists on the other hand were essentially fighting the war in their backyard, giving them the distinct advantage of having the terrain knowledge the British lacked. Realistically, it would have been extremely difficult for any country in that time period to overcome such an obstacle. But if any country was able to do it back then, Britain was the number one candidate. They had a massive and well rounded military that no country could match. With better planning, they could have been organized much better to handle such a vital task to the war effort. The three bureaucracies that supported the British army were: the Treasury Department, Navy Board, and the Ordnance
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John Knezevic 2 Board. The Treasury Department was responsible for supplying the army. The Navy Board was responsible for transport of infantry and cavalry soldiers, clothing, hospital supplies, tents, and other camping equipment. The Ordnance Board was responsible for artillery, guns, and other ordnance stores, including ammunition, and engineers (Tokar 1). Most of the initial deficiencies can be attributed to the Treasury Department because the general supplies did not arrive on time; troops were essentially forced to act as garrison troops. Meaning that instead of being mobile, they were forced to fortify and set up camp wherever they could. This forced them to wait for the proper supplies to arrive. This put the British troops at a large disadvantage right from the start. The colonists, or rebels as British officers so often called them in their correspondence letters, had the huge advantage of being very mobile and quick to strike at a moments notice. As the war progressed the British slowly overcame this problem and started to receive supplies at a
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This note was uploaded on 06/19/2008 for the course HIST 2311 taught by Professor Thompson during the Spring '08 term at SMU.

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HISTORY PAPER - John Knezevic 1 TITLE Europeans made the...

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