POLS 315- Political Parties - Oce Allen 2043 W 1:30-2:30 Topics Background and Framework Parties as organizational entities Cross-National comparison

POLS 315- Political Parties - Oce Allen 2043 W 1:30-2:30...

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O ce- Allen 2043 W 1:30-2:30 Topics: Background and Framework Parties as organizational entities Cross-National comparison Parties as conglomerates of voters Interest groups as competitors Focus on U.S. w/ lots of comparison (most UK) Change in parties and their roles Alternative models of parties and party systems how US parties compare Future of parties "over?" or just beginning Required book- Hershey Party Politics in America Exam I 25% 2/9 Exam II 25% 3/8 Exam III 25% 4/19 Term Paper 15% 3/31 Oral Presentations 5% Class Participation 5% Kenneth Janda's definition of Political Party MEMORIZE IT An organization (A group with structure and identifiable goals) which has as at least one of its goals the placement (by some means; not just election) of its avowed representatives (who carry the party banner with them) into governmental o ces (of any kind) By this definition the following qualify as parties Competitive - emphasize "open competition in the electoral process" Restrictive - emphasize "restricting competition [from] opposing parties" ex. China, North Korea, Turkey, Some U.S. states require petitions for a third party to run Ballot Access Requirements Subversive- emphasize 'subverting the political system' Paraguay: The RFF is Subversive EL Salvador -subversive China- Restrictive Iraq- Baath Party- Subversive Cuba- subversive to restrictive Peru- APRA is subversive USA- Creators Rights Party- Neal Horsley (subversive) Interest Groups A group that is organized for the expression of common interest and attitudes Pressure Grouping an interest group which expresses common interests and attitudes to the government PAC's A pressure group which collects money from its members and contributes that money to candidates and parties SUPER PACS are independents-expenditure-only pacs (they run their own campaigns) Compared to pressure groups, parties: normally have wider range of interests [behavioral distinction] they need to appeal to a wide range of people normally have broader base of appeal [behavioral] want to place avowed representatives in governmental positions [definitional] Political Parties developed in the United States When? the first few decades after the Constitution (which is ironic, given the anti-party environment at the time George Washington (Farewell Address), James Madison (Federalist 10) NEED: Broad Su ff rage Early 1790's Federalist Party is formed (Alexander Hamilton) Hamilton believed the upperclass should rule Thomas Je ff erson and James Madison - Je ff ersonian Republican Party is Formed Party of the common people 1796 or 1800 (1st 2 party pres. election) 1816 - last election for the federalists- no longer had a support base By 1820- White Male Universal Su ff rage, the new majority was the common people Era of Good Feelings- Down to one party 1824- Several Factions but all Republicans 1828- Democratic Republicans (Andrew Jackson) Nat'l Republicans (J.Q. Adams) This is where the Party split into 2 1830's- The National Republicans changed name to Whigs because they thought A.J had too much power.
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