Athens Rise to Power - Sinead Eck Essay 2 The Almighty...

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Sinead Eck 11/4/16 Essay 2 The Almighty Athens Athens rise to power began with their decision to aid the Ionians in their war against the Persian Empire in 499 BC. This war triggered the growth and development of Athens as a strong naval power, a center for diverse culture and a place for intelligent minds to flourish. The Ionian revolt was the first step in Athens rise to power. They became involved in the Persian war with the Ionians because they feared the tyrant Hippias would return to power if Persia won. Athens sent twenty ships, but when they withdrew, the Ionians suffered a great defeat in 494 BC (Pomeroy, 2004). To protect themselves against a possible attack from Persia, the politician Themistocles convinced Athens to fortify three harbors into naval and commercial bases. After Athens won the Battle of Marathon, Themistocles was able to construct 200 war ships because of the silver strike at Laurium which only improved their naval bases (Pomeroy, 2004). Led by Xerxes, the son of Darius, the Persians were then able to win a crucial battle at Thermopylae. This opened the path to central Greece and Athens and made it accessible to the Persian troops. Athens went to battle and with their 200 tiresomes, they were able to defeat the Persians in 479 BC (Pomeroy, 2004). Xerxes forces were once again defeated at the Battle of Plateau and also at the Battle of Mycale. This battle was of extreme importance because Athens once and for all ended Persia’s threat to both Greece and the Ionian Empire. Because of this struggle, a powerful sense of Hellenic value was forged in Athens (Pomeroy, 2004).
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