Art History Exam 2 Review

Art History Exam 2 Review - Art History Exam 2 Review:...

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Art History Exam 2 Review: Pre-Historic Art (30,000- 1 st century CE) Paleolithic (old stone age): Painted walls of Southern France (Lascaux) and Northern Spain (Altamira) France, c. 14,000 BCE Woman From Willendorf (23,000 BCE) Mesolithic (middle stone age) Neolithic (new stone age) Stonehenge, England, c. 2000 BCE
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Ancient Near East (c. 3,000 BCE-1 st century CE) Egypt (c. 3000 BCE- 1 st century CE) - Pyramids: o Smallest: Menkaure o Middle: Khafre o Largest: Khufu (the Great Pyramid) - Pyramidal shape called the “ben ben” Pyramids of Menkaure, Khafre and Akhufu at Giza, (2,500 BCE) - Tutankhamen (very extravagant mummified body, depicted like Osiris, the first mummy who died and was revived) Egypt (New Kingdom) Coffin cover from the Sarcophagus of King Tutankhamen, c. 1340 BCE - Akhenaten: interrupted religious and political continuity of Egyptian history; Akhenaton changed his name, founded a new state religion, and moved the capital to Akhetaten. This pharaoh’s dedication to truth led to a non-canonical, more realistic representation—even exaggerating physical attributes—of the body and a greater informality in subject matter.
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Akhenaton and His Family , 1340 BCE (Egypt: New Kingdom) Non-Western Art: - Pre-Columbian Art: o Great Serpent Mound (400 CE) Mississippian Culture - Mesoamerican Art: o The Palace, made for a great ruler: Pacal, at Palenque in Chiapas o Housed a throne room, open courtyards, 3-story tower for observations o Pacal began his tomb, beneath the so-called Temple of Inscriptions in his own lifetime o Has 9 sloping levels=9 layers of underworld o Lid of Pacal’s sarcophagus depicts the ruler lying on his back atop the jaws of the earthmonster
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This note was uploaded on 06/21/2008 for the course ART 301 taught by Professor W during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Art History Exam 2 Review - Art History Exam 2 Review:...

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