Identities_and_Social_C1909 - Identities and Social...

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Unformatted text preview: Identities and Social Locations Social location A way of expressing the core of a person's existence in the social and political world. Micro Level Identity formation Gives us a sense of control Is associated with a sense of belonging Is subject to change Meso Level Community: Standards Expectations Obligations Responsibilities Demands Essentialism The view that certain categories have an underlying reality or true nature that one cannot observe directly. . . this underlying reality (or "essence") is thought to give objects their identity, and to be responsible for similarities that category members share. The president of Harvard suggested that the relative scarcity of women in "highend" science and engineering professions is attributable in large part to male-female differences in intrinsic aptitude. A recent study of heart transplant recipients found that over one third believed that they might take on qualities or personality characteristics of the person who had donated the heart. One woman reported that she sensed her donor's "male energy" and "purer essence" In a nationally representative survey of Black and White Americans, most adults agreed with the statement, "Two people from the same race will always be more genetically similar to each other than two people from different races." " Heaven is where the police are British, the cooks are French, the mechanics are German, the lovers are Italian and it is all organised by the Swiss. Hell is where the police are German, the cooks are English, the mechanics are French, the lovers are Swiss, and it is all organised by the Italians ". Macro and Global Levels Classifying and labeling people To assign who is inside and outside To prescribe social roles To bestow privilege, power and status on "insiders" To justify conquest, colonization, domination, and exploitation of "outsiders" Social categories Gender Race Class Nation Ethnicity Sexual orientation Religion Physical ability Age Language Maintaining Systems of Structural Inequality Dominant group is held as neutral standard Pejorative labels Stereotyping Exoticizing and romanticizing Marginality Moving between two worlds and, in part, being accepted as an insider in both. Cultural appropriation a member or members of the more powerful group use what they have borrow elements of from a less powerful group in an inappropriate, disrespectful, exploitative or destructive way, whether with conscious intention to do so or not. ...
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