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BUS105_W4_P1_CH6 - BUS 105 Week 4 Part I Motivation...

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BUS 105 Week 4, Part I: Motivation Concepts Slide # Topic Narration Slide 1 Introduction Welcome to Business one-oh-five: Organizational Behavior. In this lesson we will focus on motivation concepts. Next Slide: Slide 2 Objectives When you complete this lesson you will be able to: Outline the motivation process; Explain the concept and application of several theories of motivation; Explain how the contemporary theories of motivation complement each other; and Explain how a Management by Objectives program works. Next Slide: Slide 3 Defining Motivation Motivation is the process that accounts for an individual’s intensity, direction, and persistence of effort toward attaining a goal. While general motivation is concerned with effort toward any goal, we’ll narrow the focus to organization goals in order to reflect our singular interest in work-related behavior. The three key elements in our definition are intensity, direction, and persistence. Intensity is concerned with how hard a person tries. High intensity is unlikely to lead to favorable job-performance outcomes unless the effort is channeled in a direction that benefits the organization. Therefore, we have to consider the quality of effort as well as its intensity. Effort that is directed toward and consistent with the organization’s goals is the kind of effort that we should be seeking. Finally, motivation has a persistence dimension. This is a measure of how long a person can maintain effort. Motivated individuals stay with a task long enough to achieve their goal. Next Slide:
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Slide 4 Early Theories of Motivation The nineteen fifties were a fruitful period in the development of motivation concepts. Three specific theories were formulated during this period. They include: The hierarchy of needs theory, Theory X and Theory Y, and the two factor theory. It’s probably safe to say that the most well-known theory of motivation is Abraham Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. He hypothesized that within every human being there exists a hierarchy of five needs. These needs are: Physiological; Safety; Social; Esteem; and Self-actualization. Maslow separated the five needs into higher and lower orders. Physiological and safety needs were described as lower-order; social, esteem, and self actualization were described as higher-order needs. The differentiation between the two orders was made on the premise
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BUS105_W4_P1_CH6 - BUS 105 Week 4 Part I Motivation...

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