Unformatted text preview: Border studies What are "the Borderlands" la Frontera United StatesMexico border 2000 milelong strip of land, 20 miles wide A paradigm of crossing, resistance, and circulation "el otro Mexico" Areas of American West, Southwest, and Midwest Carved out by Treaty of GuadalupeHildago (1848) and Gadsden Purchase (1853) La Frontera A "third country": not simply Anglo on one side of the border, Mexican on the other. The place where Third World implodes into the First World. "Dangerous crossroads" Border studies as response Frederick Jackson Turner's frontier thesis Perceived crisis of illegal immigration beginning in 1980s NAFTA Post9/11 national security concerns Frederick Jackson Turner "The Significance of the Frontier in American History" (1893) "The existence of an area of free land, its continuous recession, and the advance of American settlement westward, explain American development." Chicano studies
Challenges conceptual limits of "frontier" by replacing it with "borderlands." "Frontier" implies model of center and periphery, one-way exchange. "Borderlands" seen as multidimensional and transterritorial. Located not only at geographic margins but at center of metroplois. Border theory Links study of ethnicity and imigration to study of international relations and empire. Foreign relations not just outside U.S. boundaries, but help constitute American nationality. Transforms notion of "the frontier." Borderlands as war zone low-intensity conflict doctrine of 1980s. militarization of US-Mexico border: helicopter gunships infrared night-vision sensors seismic and magnetic sensors INS and Border Patrol. More recent proposals to build a fence. Proposition 187 Passed by California voters in 1994. Denied undocumented immigrants public services like education and health. Also, widespread controversies over "English only" policies. Patty Limerick: "When politicians in the 1980s bemoaned the fact that America lost control of its borders with Mexico, they dreamed up a lost age of mastery...the U.S.-Mexico border was a social fiction that neither nature nor people in search of opportunity observed." Patricia Nelson Limerick
"When politicians in the 1980s bemoaned the fact that America lost control of its borders with Mexico, they dreamed up a lost age of mastery. In fact, from the Gulf of Mexico to the Pacific Ocean, the U.S.-Mexico border was a social fiction that neither nature nor people in search of opportunity observed." NAFTA (also 1994) 9/11 and Guantanamo Elements of Film
Script/Narrative Symbolism Characters/Acting Mise en Scene Music, Sound effects Editing Genre: The type of film Institution and Industry: Who funded the film and why? Hollywood Stars: who was chosen and why? ...
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- Spring '05
- Gadsden Purchase, The Significance of the Frontier in American History, Immigration to the United States, frontier thesis