Music_Industry_2 - 1. International Enforcement IFPI...

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Music review What is music? Biomusicology Cultural flows Crossover Music as soft power Jazz diplomacy Benefit concerts Cultural politics of music “Strange Fruit” Hip-hop Global hip-hop The Music Industry
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The Majors Universal Music Group EMI Warner Bros. Sony-BMG
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Four companies control. . . . 70% of the world market 80% of U.S. market
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Purpose of Record Companies Talent search Financing Mastering and Manufacture Promotion Distribution
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Are the majors necessary?
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Production Professional Studio 10-20 hours per song $25-$300 per hour Home Studio $2,500-$1,000,000
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Distribution and Promotion
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An Ailing Industry? Percentage change 2005-2006 CDs: -12.8 Music videos: -31.8 Other recording media (albums): -61.6 Overall industry change: -6.2
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Reasons for Decline Aging business models High cost of CDs Lack of diverse and interesting music Competition from other media Piracy?
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Jay-Z
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Global Unauthorized Copying “Jazzy” TuzlaDailyPhoto
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The Lockdown
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Unformatted text preview: 1. International Enforcement IFPI (International Recording Industry) WIPO (UNs World Intellectual Property Organization) DMCA (Digital Millennium Copyright Act) 2. Digital Rights Management Intellectual Property Copyright Protects original works of authorship that are fixed in a tangible form of expression. Copyright in Music Original musical composition Sound recording (master) Fair Use Brief Quotations Educational Use Transformative works like parody Parody a composition that imitates somebody's style in a humorous way "Don't Download This Song" Sampling Mashup A musical genre of songs that consist entirely of parts of other songs. The Grey Album The Grey Video Free Culture Movement REMIX: bottom-up participatory culture vs. PERMISSION: top-down, closed, proprietary structure Lawrence Lessig Gilberto Gil Four Freedoms Free Software Foundation Study Apply Redistribute Modify Creative Commons...
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Music_Industry_2 - 1. International Enforcement IFPI...

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