Crim Notes_2 - Criminal Law General Deterrence Y N Y-Moral Influence Y N Y-Incapacitation Y Y N Y Rehabilitation Y Y N Y Retribution Y Y N N Payne

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Criminal Law General  Deterrence Moral  Influence Incapacitation Rehabilitation Retribution Payne Y Y Y Y Y Secret  Purpose N N Y Y Y Innocent but  looks guilty Y Y N N N Innocent but  very  dangerous -- -- Y Y N I. Punishment A. Theories  (DMIRR) 1. Deterrence a) Deterrence occurs when: Anticipated cost must outweigh the  anticipated benefit b) The punishment must be publicized to be justified. Cannot be in  secret. c) Even an innocent person can be punished under this theory. d) Utilitarian theory of punishment because inflicting punishment on  one person and that suffering in itself is justified by the benefits it brings  with it, society benefits because it frightens other potential criminals from  committing similar acts. e) Basic assumption – when human beings know about the potential  of another’s punishment.   f) Possible criticisms: (1)  “spontaneous” crime may not be subject to deterrence because  it a split-second decision. (2) Self-destructive criminals may not be susceptible. (3) Mentally ill individuals who cannot engage in reasoning. 2. Moral Influence a) Justified when punishing the offender will shape the values of  others in society such that they will not desire to commit the crime that the  offender has committed. b) Law must be respected as a source of moral guidance and  legitimate and just. c) Internalization of society’s moral values.
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d) Punishing the criminal educates the majority of people in society  because the default condition of human beings is the desire to follow the  rules and morals of society. e) It is clear that society will look down upon the person committing  the crime. f) The thrust here is that it is educative.   g) Assumption: since most people are ethical and want to do the right  thing so punishing the criminal instructs the moral/ethical person as to  what is and is not ethical. 3. Incapacitation a) Infliction of suffering on the punished person by preventing the  person from harming others in the future.   b) Conviction for one crime assumes that incapacitation is required to  prevent the actor from preventing further criminal acts. (future  dangerousness) c) No publicity requirement here, it’s individualized. d) Imprisonment and execution reduce or eliminate the risk that that  same individual will commit further offenses. e) Criticism:  (1) Incapacitation may be punishing individuals for future crimes. (2) “Understudy effect” – create a market niche for a new person by  incapacitating one criminal.
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This note was uploaded on 06/23/2008 for the course CRIM 101 taught by Professor Kaye during the Spring '08 term at Thomas Jefferson School of Law.

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Crim Notes_2 - Criminal Law General Deterrence Y N Y-Moral Influence Y N Y-Incapacitation Y Y N Y Rehabilitation Y Y N Y Retribution Y Y N N Payne

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