ENV Final exam review

ENV Final exam review - Dynamic Earth Final Study Guide...

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Format Part I: Multiple Choice This section will contain 50 multiple choice questions worth 2 points each. About 35 of them will cover the material since the last exam; the other 15 will be cumulative. Part II: Short Answer - non-cumulative You will answer 5 of 8 short answer questions worth 6 points each that draw on material since the last exam. These questions will be similar to those seen on prior exams (about a third of a page each). Part III: Essay - cumulative You will answer 3 of 4 essay questions worth 10 points each. Each answer will be about half a page long. They will draw on material from the entire class The non-cumulative content is described below; consult all three exam guides for cumulative content. Hydrologic Cycle and Groundwater Terms The relative amounts of water in the ocean, glaciers and groundwater Evaporation/Transpiration/Infiltration/Runoff Saturated zone, unsaturated zone, and water table Importance of wetlands Porosity and permeability Aquifers and aquicludes Confined and unconfined aquifers Recharge Overpumping leads to aquifer collapse, land subsidence, cone of depression, and saltwater intrusion Contaminant plume Cave formations: stalactite, stalagmite, column, sinkhole Geysers Concepts The hydrologic cycle (you do not have to know the numbers, just the various flow paths). Cons: The amount of water that can flow through an aquifer is determined by the hydrologic conductivity of the rock (large, well-connected pores, or lots of cracks will have a high hydraulic conductivity). Streams Terms Drainage basins and drainage divide, headwaters and tributary. The types of stream load: dissolved, suspended, and bed load. Rivers erode their beds by abrasion Meandering rivers: point bars and cut offs, how the river migrates back and forth. Natural and artificial levees Alluvial fans and deltas The streams response to increased discharge is to increase depth; eventually this causes flooding Flood recurrence intervals Concepts Rivers migrate laterally by eroding at the cut bank and depositing sediment at the point bar. Meanders become more and
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ENV Final exam review - Dynamic Earth Final Study Guide...

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