Nietzsche - In a world where everyone values the truth- is...

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In a world where everyone values the truth- is it really that important? Is the truth always better than lies? In “On Truth and Lies in a Non-Moral Sense,” German philosopher Nietzsche argues that truth is not always true. He states that there are many truths. The reason why everyone thinks that there is only one truth is so the world will not go into chaos. The truth can just be the answer that most people believe is right. Nietzsche’s thoughts are reflected in many sources: novels, films, television shows. A good example showcasing truth and lies is Memento. In the film Memento , Leonard Shelby’s life after a terrible accident exemplifies what Nietzsche is saying in his essay about the truth and lies. Leonard from Memento suffers from a kind of amnesia in which he cannot create new memories. His last real memory is right before his injury to the head. After the incident, Leonard has a very short term memory. He can only retain memories for a few minutes before everything returns to a clean slate. Leonard never remembers what the truth is. He is never sure who to trust because he does not remember who is trustworthy. Leonard uses many different methods to distinguish between the truths and the lies, such as tattooing the “facts” on his body and writing notes on photographs. However, that is not always reliable. In fact, it is those notes that gets him into more of a mess. Leonard is tricked and ends up killing more than one person. Nietzsche more than once states that truths are not what everyone perceives to be. He says that “truths are illusions which we have forgotten are illusions” (455). Leonard totally embodies that statement, because he does not remember the truths from lies. To him, everything can be the truth, or everything can just be a lie, an illusion. His truths and lies come from what other people tell him, and who he chooses to believe. Instead of trusting Teddy, the police officer, who was actually telling the truth, Leonard opted to trust Natalie. Leonard found her more trustworthy because she is a woman. When he hit her and forgot about the incident, she
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used those injuries to her advantage. It made her seem vulnerable and Leonard believed in her
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This note was uploaded on 06/22/2008 for the course ENG 111 taught by Professor Greco during the Spring '08 term at Northeastern.

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Nietzsche - In a world where everyone values the truth- is...

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