Chapter 13 Answers to Review Questions

Chapter 13 Answers - Chapter 13 Answers to Questions for Review 1 The general circulation of the atmosphere distribution of mountain ranges and

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Chapter 13: Answers to Questions for Review 1. The general circulation of the atmosphere; distribution of mountain ranges and high plateaus; temperature; passage of high and low pressure systems; proximity to semi-permanent highs and lows; proximity to large open water sources. 2. Winter: Pacific high moves south, giving storms access to the west coast of the U.S., Bermuda high moves south, carrying less moisture to the eastern half of the U.S. Summer: Pacific high inhibits precipitation along the west coast, Bermuda high brings moisture to eastern two-thirds of the U.S. 3. Vegetation type. 4. Tropical moist climate: All months have an average temperature above 18°C (64°F). Polar climate: Extremely cold winters and summers. The average temperature of the warmest month is below 10°C (50°F). 5. a. D – Moist climate with severe winter. b. A – Moist tropical climate. c. B – Dry climate. 6. Potential evapotranspiration exceeds precipitation. 7. Tropical rain forest: Tropical Moist Climate. Xerophytes: B – Dry climate. Steppe: B – Dry climate. Taiga: D – Moist climates with severe winters. Tundra: E – Polar climates. Savanna: A – Moist tropical climate. 8. a. tropical wet and dry: In summer, the ITCZ moves poleward, bringing with it heavy precipitation, usually in the form of showers. Rainfall is enhanced by slow moving shallow lows that move through the region. Tropical wet-and-dry climates not only receive less total rainfall than the tropical wet climates, but the rain that does occur is much less reliable, as the total rainfall often fluctuates widely from one year to the next. In the course of a single year, for example, destructive floods may be followed by serious droughts. As with tropical wet regions, the daily range of temperature usually
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This note was uploaded on 06/23/2008 for the course METR 010 taught by Professor Elajoie during the Spring '08 term at San Jose State University .

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Chapter 13 Answers - Chapter 13 Answers to Questions for Review 1 The general circulation of the atmosphere distribution of mountain ranges and

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