{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

Japan - Mike Feldstein Construction through Constitution...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Construction through Constitution The modernization of the Japanese constitution in 1946 constructed the foundation for democratic institutions to prosper. Written not by the people of the nation but by a council appointed by the Allied Forces after World War II, the document is extremely western. While the Japanese state has successfully integrated many conventions of contemporary democracy, several aspects of the constitution are yet to be embraced. This failure suggests that a constitution cannot just be written for a nation, but must also be written by the nation. At the onset of occupation, United States General Douglass MacArthur declared the revision of the current constitution the highest priority (Britannica). When the leaders of the Japanese government failed to make substantial changes, MacArthur set up a constitutional assembly of twenty four westerners. After small modifications to the western draft, the current emperor approved and the constitution was adopted on November 3, 1946 (ICL). The radical changes from the previous constitution were articles asserting demilitarization, the guarantee of civil rights, and the symbolic role of the emperor. The emperor’s transition from power to symbolism demonstrated the new focus on the people of Japan. To spur democracy, divine rule was dissolved and the emperor now “deriv[ed] his position from the will of the people with whom resides sovereign power” (Article 1). The preamble declares, “Government is a sacred trust of the people, the authority for which is derived from the people, the powers of which are exercised by the representatives of the people, and the benefits of which are enjoyed by the people.” - 1 - Mike Feldstein
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Throughout the constitution, the power of the populace is dominant. In the constitution’s third chapter, the public’s pursuit of happiness is declared “the supreme consideration in legislation and other governmental affairs” (Article 13). Each member
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}