Test 3 - Ch.14 Power and Politics Power implies a potential...

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Ch.14- Power and Politics Power - implies a potential that need not be actualized to be affective and a dependency relationship. Leadership vs. Power: P doesn’t require goal compatibility, just dependence; L has downward influence. L research emphasizes style, P can be groups or ppl. Bases of Power – Formal P: based on position in org – coercive P (based on fear, give neg and reduce pos), reward P (give pos and reduce neg), legitimate P (formal authority) Personal P: expert p, referent p (developes out of admiration) PERSONAL sources are proven more effective Dependency: the key to power – general postulate: the greater B’s dependency on A, the greater the power A has over B – inversely proportional to alternative sources Dependency is increased when the resource is important, scarce, and nonsubstitutable. Power Tactics: Legitimacy (D), rational persuasion* (UDL), inspirational appeal* (D), consultation* (DL), exchange (DL), personal appeals (L), ingratiation (DL), pressure (D,least), coalitions (L), soft work better than hard, 2 soft is most effective Coalition: an informal group bound by the active pursuit of a single issue – strength in numbers – fluid membership, form swiftly, achieve target issue & quickly disappear – Formation: max size in orgs, min size in poli sci – great deal of task and resource interdependence, routine tasks lead to dependence and resort to coalition Sexual Harassment: any unwanted activity of sexual nature that affects ones employment and creates a hostile work env. Politics: Power in action Political behavior: activities that are not required as part of one’s formal role but influence the distribution of dis/advantages within the org. Politicking – tainting facts to support you Individual factors: high self monitors, internal locus of control, high need for power, Machiavellian, investment, perceived job alternatives, expectations of success More a function of organizational charac. Impression management: attempt to control impressions formed – high self monitors Ch. 15 Conflict and Negotiation Conflict: a process that begins when one party perceives that another has negatively affected something it cares about. Traditional view: conflict must be avoided
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Test 3 - Ch.14 Power and Politics Power implies a potential...

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