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week 2 video notes - August 30, 2016 World Regions Video...

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August 30, 2016World Regions Video Quiz NotesWeek 2 videosVideo 1: Intro: A World of States-Big chunks of the planet: regionsoRegions are unit definedoNo singular world standard for regions-No matter where you are on Earth, you are in an area called astate-A state builds roads and infrastructures, has an economy, and protects youfrom attack-How a state comes into existence?-What do you need to become a state?-How do states get along with the world?-Changing world of statesVideo 2: State of states-Pretty much every square inch of planet earth has been divided into distinctgeographic areas that aresovereign statesoThey are owned and operated by governments of the stateoEven places that aren’t owned are divided and claimed by everyoneelseoFor the first time in human history, every place has been explored andcharted and mapped outoMap of sovereign statesoshows the years of when they were established, but how can USbe one of the oldest when it’s actually one of the youngest?Well the state itself is not that old, it’s the concept
August 30, 2016Other really old sovereign states: China, European countries,IranHowever, most of the planet falls into the newer categoriesMost of Africa and RussiaThis is a new idea! The world has been around forever but thesovereign state idea is what is newoWhat happened before this?For most of human history, people identified with other people,not with the territory (race, ethnicity as opposed to the countryitself)Then, they elected people or they came to power by force orgod blessed them as a leader; these folks were the leader orsovereign ruler or sovereign OF THE PEOPLE not of the place1000 years ago, you didn’t have a king of France, you had aking of Francsthere was a Chinese emperor, but he was in charge of theChinese people not of China itselfthis is quite different from today’s world where everything istied to territorysovereign state; nation; nation-statestate: legally defined territory that has been recognized by otherstatesFinland; France; Chinahere in the US, we call “states” countries; it’s trickybecause we have Alabama and Florida etc. Forinternational purposes, a country is a “state”this is crucialthere are193officially recognized states right now(maybe 194 or 195 because there are always new ones)nation: a group of people who share a common culturethey may want to have their own governmentunlimited number of nationsCherokee; Aztec; Zoo-loo; Scots; Persians; Mongolians;French; Germans; Japanese; KoreansNation-state: people who share a common culture and rulethemselves in a defined political area (called a state)Germany: German people in their defined state
August 30, 2016France; Spain; Poland; all of Europe is pretty muchnation-state… they invented the ideaIran; China; Japan;Korea—best example: it is 100% KoreanoIs every state a nation-state?

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Term
Spring
Professor
SXiao
Tags
Sovereignty, World War II, Sovereign state

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