Infancy Cognitive and Language Development Notes

Infancy Cognitive and Language Development Notes -...

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Cognitive and Language Development P315 Developmental Psychology Cognitive Processes _____Organization __ ___ : Grouping of isolated behaviors and thoughts into a higher-order system Equilibration and stages of development _____Equilibration___ : Mechanism by which children shift from one stage of thought to the next Individuals go through four stages of development Cognition is _____qualitatively____ different from one stage to another Cognitive Processes- Piaget ___Schemes__ : Actions or mental representations that organize knowledge Behavioral scheme Mental scheme ___Assimilation___ : Using existing schemes to deal with new information or experiences _____Accommodation_____ : Adjusting schemes to fit new information and experiences The _____Sensorimotor___ Stage Lasts from birth to about 2 years of age Construct an understanding of the world by coordinating sensory experiences Substages Simple ___Reflexes____ First habits and primary circular reactions Secondary circular reactions Coordination of secondary circular reactions Tertiary circular reactions, novelty, and curiosity Internalization of schemes Constructs an understanding of the world by coordinating sensory experiences Mental development characterized by progression in the infant’s ability to organize and coordinate sensations with physical movements and actions. Progress from having little more than reflexive patterns to work with to complex sensorimotor patterns and a primitive system of symbols. Sensorimotor Substages Piaget’s Six Substages of Sensorimotor Development Simple Reflexes Stage corresponds to the ______ first month ____ after birth. The basic means of coordinating sensation and action is through ___________________________ behaviors. Develops ability to produce behaviors that resemble reflexes in the absence of obvious reflexive stimuli Evidence that the infant is initiating action and is actively structuring experiences in the first month of life. First Habits and Primary Circular Reactions Develops between ____ 1 to 4 _____ months of age. Infants’ __ reflexes ____ evolve into adaptive schemes that are more refined and coordinated.•A _______ habit _____ is a scheme based on a simple reflex that has become completely separated from its eliciting stimulus.
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A primary circular reaction is a _ repetitive behavior __ based on the infant’s attempt to reproduce an interesting or pleasurable event that initially occurred by chance. Secondary Circular Reactions Develops between 4-__ 8 __months of age. Infant becomes more object-oriented or focused on the world, moving beyond preoccupation with the self in sensorimotor interactions. Infant imitates some simple actions and physical gestures of others, but only those can already produce.
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