completed - PSYB30 FINAL EXAM REVIEW Prof. Livingston -...

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PSYB30 FINAL EXAM REVIEW Prof. Livingston -- Winter 2008 1 PSYB30 (Personality Psychology) Final Exam Review Sheet (1) The final exam is scheduled for Wednesday, April 16th, 2008 at 9:00 AM in the UTSC Gym. (2) Not all of these questions can be answered if you study only the lecture slides. You will need to be familiar with assigned textbook content, as well as any in-class demonstrations, videos, etc. Please be sure to have consulted each of those sources before requesting additional help. Cognitive Theories and Personal Construct Psychology Be familiar with the major concepts of George Kelly’s Personal Construct Psychology. Personality and cognition involves a focus on the doing of personality as oppose to the focus of the trait approach on the having the personality Kelly described people as scientists who are trying to describe and understand their world and associated life experiences. Constructs = cognitive categories with psychological meaning. Constructs provide us with a motivation and guide to look forward to positive outcomes and avoid undesirable possibilities. According to Kelly, people differ in how they see the world because there are different in personal constructs. Constructs are bipolar. The more accessible pole is called Emergent Pole (coming into notice/visible). The other end of the pole is called the Implicit pole (not directly expressed). These two ends have been also called the Likeness Pole and Contrast Pole. Sometimes the Implicit Pole becomes submerged . Submergence results when a person becomes cognitively preoccupied even obsessed, with a theme that reflects the Emergent Pole of a construct. Non-conscious Constructs o Preverbal Construct (tip-of-the-tongue) = they reflect conscious feelings of knowing but the person can not put the thought into image of words o Submerged Construct = one or both ends of the construct are not available for conscious reflection and verbalization. o Suspended Construct (retroactive interference) = similar to repression in that current events have made the previously accessible construct now forgotten. Three limitations regarding in the formation of new constructs 1. Threat = Kelly observed that for most people death constructs are threatening because they are incompatible with constructs representing life.
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2. Therapy Context = some people are so preoccupied with old constructs, they are not able to form new, more representative constructs (e.g. a person who has paranoia is preoccupied with past events and is unable to form new constructs) 3. No laboratory = we are all scientists, but some people lack access to situations that allow them to test out and update their constructs as experiences unfold (e.g. isolated person). Failure to update constructs results in hostility. They are
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This note was uploaded on 06/24/2008 for the course PSYCH PSYB30 taught by Professor Livingston during the Spring '08 term at University of Toronto- Toronto.

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completed - PSYB30 FINAL EXAM REVIEW Prof. Livingston -...

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