IDS UPLOAD - THIRD WORLD CITIES AND URBANIZATION. Today...

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THIRD WORLD CITIES AND URBANIZATION. Today smoking is normally regarded as a recreational activity but the question that truly remains to be answered is whether an addiction is possible. Addictions are becoming a common trend with the urban population and are now considered forms of entertainment. Although the economic benefits are wonderful, they are not evenly spread and the environmental costs are very troubling and in many cases dangerous. The urbanization of predominantly rural geography in the third world is often accompanied by dangerous levels of air and water pollution. Furthermore, the inability of most third world governments to provide basic services such as waste disposal and adequate health care exponentially increase the prevalence of disease. The poor are hit the hardest; most often the same young men who leave behind their rural livelihoods in search of higher wages. This paper explores the different environmental hazards of third world cities and explains how the urban poor are most vulnerable to them. Cities generally have three similarities: bustling industries, congested streets and highways and enough people to occupy both. In terms of air quality, this spells pollution disaster. In developed countries, factories are somewhat subject to environmental regulations however from a political perspective it is difficult to enforce environmental policies on industrial activities because the industrial sector is so vital to the economies of the third world. In 1999, the industrial sector of Cameroon had 60,000 employees who were paid 190 million dollars in wages (Luken et al., 2002). In an effort to retain foreign
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IDS UPLOAD - THIRD WORLD CITIES AND URBANIZATION. Today...

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