coreII test 1

coreII test 1 - 1 ID Terms for Test 1: Who, What, Where,...

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1 ID Terms for Test 1: Who, What, Where, When, How, Why, Historical Significance Society: Misery High child death rates Life span, 30-40’s Poverty Filth Shopkeepers live above shops (rising middle class) Misery blamed on mystical forces or G-d No money put towards society (police) because monarchies spent lavishly and went to war frequently People put up with this because he was divinely chosen, and the church supported the monarch Louis XIV King of France, ruled 1661-1715 “Sun King,” everything revolved around him Best example of an absolutist monarch (believed that he should have all power and held diving right to be king) Waged severe Taxes/wars Built Versailles Bankrupt France Revoked the Edict of Nantes, Huguenots no longer equal Historical Significance: Absolute Monarchy. A catalyst to the French Revolution [1789] (economic and military policies caused problems down the road) J-B. Colbert Minister of finance under Louis XIV Used standard economic theory of the time: Mercantilism: the state controls the economy This makes the STATE wealthy, not the citizenry Brought skilled foreign artisans to France so it would be a place known for luxury goods Colbert was a master of tax reform Peter the Great of Russia Czar of Russia from 1682-1725 Styled himself as “the first servant of the people” He knew best: Russia was backwards and he would westernize it “Grand Embassy”: like a big vacation, Peter traveled the west to learn more about it he traveled incognito so no one would know he was a king he was 6’9”… so he didn’t really blend in He learned western professions (ship building, dentistry) Peter sought to get land as far as the Baltic Sea (where Sweden was) to get a “Window on the West” Started “The Great Northern War” against Sweden and won Built new capital called St. Petersburg in 1703 Hired Italian architects so it would look European Made men shave their beards and wear trousers Redesigned alphabet to facilitate literary of the masses His projects made Russia resent Westernization, and thus the West “Glorious Revolution” Glorious Revolution [1688] also called “Bloodless Revolution”
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2 No war, the people asked for it, and it was granted Gave birth to constitutionalism in England Social Contract Theory : Not G-d, but the people had created government They give the right to rule Theory created by Thomas Hobbes , “Leviathan” (1651) Hobbes said that the people must obey the king and his legacy after the right to rule is given This idea could have been influences by the fact that Hobbes was on the Kings payroll and tutored his children John Locke : “The Two Treatises of Government”, written in 1689 James II was a Catholic and imposed his beliefs on England John Locke gives the English a reason to rebel He says the people can rebel if the king breaks the contract and rules unjustly
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coreII test 1 - 1 ID Terms for Test 1: Who, What, Where,...

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