coreII test 2

CoreII test 2 - 1 What are the fundamental differences between European liberalism and conservatism of the early 19th-century How did liberals view

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1. What are the fundamental differences between European liberalism and conservatism of the early 19 th -century? How did liberals view humanity’s ability and capacity for development? In what ways did Conservatives challenge this point of view? What recent events influenced the development of the two competing ideologies? Describe the debate between liberals and conservatives at the Congress of Vienna. Which delegates promoted liberal policies and which were more conservative? Liberalism --But man had to be legally, politically, and socially free to achieve their potential based theory of liberalism in science and reason John Stuart Mill [died 1873] wrote “On Liberty” explaining all advantages of freedom, from free enterprise to free speech Advocated rights of women Conservatism--Held pessimistic view of human nature and argued that humans could not harness nature, truly improve themselves, etc… Argued that the needs of society trumped the needs of the individual In fact, individuals only really existed within society and were stained by original sin French Revolution was used as an example on how reason could lead humans astray Edmund Burke [died 1797] wrote ‘reflections on the French Revolution’ Regarded he state as an organism that grew and changed as a result of circumstances, customs, and traditions State made up of various parts of unequal importance—example: peasantry Said that ultimate liberty could only lead to slavery Rejected change and self determination o Congress of Vienna [1815] Lead by Prince Clemens von Metternich [1773-1854] The Austrian foreign minister and host 1 st and foremost interested in preventing a resurgence of French revolutionary power Other allies [Russia, Prussia] sought territory conquered by Napolean while England’s delegates sought the re-opening of trade and commerce on the continent Agreement allowed for creation of a Balance of Power that would last for 100 years Liberals went along ith Meternich’s anti-nationalistic and ant-liberal agenda. Talleyrand used the conflict btwn. Delegates at the congress to minimize the punishment or retaliation of Europe on Frence. o Concert of Europe To police Europe ad maintain peace, a quadruple Alliance would be formed and meet regularly to discuss revoltuonary or instable developments across Europe During meting, it would be decided whether or not to send troops to intervene Sought to maintain status quo and ir balance of power Prussia, Russia, England, Austria Metternich—conservative Castlereagh—liberal Alexander I, Tsar of Russia [1777-1825] Had been very liberal until Napoleon’s invasion of Russia in 1812 o Karl Von Hardenberg [died 1822] and Wilhelm con Humboldt [died 1835] Representatives of Prussia Hardenber was a liberal advocating free enterprise and emancipation of the Jewws, but still supported Metternich’s attacks on nationalism and liberalism
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This note was uploaded on 06/24/2008 for the course EUH 1001 taught by Professor Furdell during the Spring '07 term at UNF.

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CoreII test 2 - 1 What are the fundamental differences between European liberalism and conservatism of the early 19th-century How did liberals view

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