AshleyFairleyFinalResearchPaper - Fairley 1 Ashley Fairley Mrs Knopp Honors English III Should Euthanasia be legalized People living with terminal

AshleyFairleyFinalResearchPaper - Fairley 1 Ashley Fairley...

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Fairley 1 Ashley Fairley Mrs. Knopp Honors English III October 30, 2015 Should Euthanasia be legalized? People living with terminal illnesses that cannot become cured in our society are turning to physician-assisted suicide. The patients who request for physician assisted suicide, in the places that it is legal, have to undergo a number of requirements to actually get the medicine. There’s a lot of conflict whether or not it should be legal in all fifty states, some say that it doesn’t go with God’s will of when he wants us to die and others say that we should be able to choose to end unending suffering. Stephen Hawking, PhD, said “We don’t let animals suffer, so why humans?” Someone who is suffering everyday with no cure from their illness should be legally allowed, with a physician, to end their suffering. What is Euthanasia? Euthanasia is the action of inducing a gentle and easy death to end the suffering from an incurable and painful illness/disease. The physician provides the medications for the patient to commit suicide. Voluntary active euthanasia is when a clearly capable person makes a request to be helped to die. Passive euthanasia is withdrawing from life support, also known as “letting die.” Non-voluntary euthanasia is when the person cannot make a decision or make their wishes known. It can be performed if the patient is not capable of making a decision (Should
Fairley 2 Euthanasia or Physician-Assisted Suicide Be Legal?). Where is Euthanasia Legal? In Belgium, euthanasia has been legal since 2002. The law says that two doctors have to be involved, as well as a psychologist if the capability of the patient is in doubt, then the patient can be prescribed overdose or a lethal injection. Colombia legalized euthanasia on May 20, 2010. The Colombian constitutional court ruled that no one would be held criminally accountable for terminating the life of a patient who is terminally ill and authorized euthanasia. The court defined terminally ill as a person with a condition such as AIDS, kidney failure, liver failure, cancer, and other terminal conditions with extreme suffering. Euthanasia laws in Colombia do not authorize ending the lives of a patient who has a degenerative disease such as Lou Gehrig’s, Alzheimer’s, and Parkinson’s disease. In Ireland passive euthanasia was legalized in 2010, and then in India in 2011. A Luxembourg parliamentary bill was passed stating that doctors can end the lives of a terminally ill patient if a panel of experts and two doctors approve the request by the patient. In 2008, passive euthanasia was legalized in Mexico and currently active euthanasia is pending approval. The Netherlands announced euthanasia legal in 2002. The Netherlands courts have allowed practice since the 1980’s, and doctors are not obligated to keep patients alive opposing their wishes. For over 20 years they have not been prosecuting physicians who facilitate euthanasia. Oregon legalized death with dignity (DWD) in 1997. A terminally ill patient is allowed to request for lethal medication. There has to be two verbal

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