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Unformatted text preview: Theoretical Perspectives
CPSY 428 Jennifer Connor, PhD, LMFT Week 2 Theoretical Perspectives Family (Human) Ecology Family Development StructureFunctional Interactionist Exchange Family Systems Feminist Biosocial Theoretical Perspectives A theory is: "a process of developing ideas that can allow us to explain how and why events occur" (Turner, 1986). Each theory has its own strengths and limitations Family Ecology The ecological context affects family life Nested structures: physicalbio; human built, socialcultural problems occur at interface Context creates opportunities and constraints Examples: neighborhood, work and family. family policy Developed out of home economics Family Development Families experience predictable changes based on needs of individuals and society The family is the unit of analysis Family life cycle, each stage requires change and adaptation Developmental tasks (e.g. transition to adulthood) Came to fruition during the depression era Doesn't attempt to explain why Life Cycle Newly formed couple Families of preschoolers Families of primary school children Families with adolescents Families in the middle years Aging families StructureFunctional The family performs essential functions for society To raise children responsibly To provide economic support To give emotional security Focus on Normal/Functional Focus is on society over individual Collectivist perspective in reaction to individualism and biological focus StructureFunctional Emphasis on: Roles Norms and Values Boundaries Stability Interactionist The internal dynamics of the family as a group of interacting individuals shape the family Individuals create selfconcept and identity through social interactions Meaning is ascribed through interaction Developed in the 1920's e.g. meaning of work, divorce Exchange Theory The resources individuals bring affect formation, continuation, and nature of a relationship Objective resources, rewards, and costs Focus on equity and reciprocity At its peak in the 1960's (justice) Often focuses on dyad Example: stepfamilies Systems Theory The family as a whole is more than the sum of its parts Systems exist in both biology and social world Information about a behavior provides feedback to the system, and then adjusts itself Morphostasis & Morphogenetic For change to occur, the whole system must change Systems Theory Concepts: Originated in 1950's and main theory for family therapy Response to crises Boundaries Closeness/distance Family patterns Triangles Coalitions Feminist Perspectives Gender is central to the analysis of family; male dominance in family and society is oppressive of women Focus on contribution of domestic work, domestic violence, child abuse What is good for one family member may not be good for all members Contributed to social action Biosocial Perspectives Evolution of the human species has put in place certain biological endowments that shape and limit family choices Nature and nurture interact Born out of the late 1970's and 80's Biopsychosocial Theory: systemic interaction between biology and other systems ...
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- Spring '07