(4) Who is Most Likely to Engage in Delinquency

(4) Who is Most Likely to Engage in Delinquency - JD:...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style Who is Most Likely to Engage in Delinquency JD:  Causes and Control (4)
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Click to edit Master subtitle style Social Class
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 5/11/09 Relationship bt Social Class & most people  assume  lower-class juveniles are more  delinquent than middle-class juveniles  large number of studies yields contradictory findings  How do we determine the relationship bt social class and delinquency?
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 5/11/09 Until 1960’s  primary measure of relationship bt class and  delinquency was arrest  data 1. lower-class communities had higher arrest rates than did higher- class communities  2. criminologists concluded social class strongly associated with  delinquency  During 1960s , early self report  studies were widely used  1. data indicated little or no relationship so criminologists  concluded social class was unrelated to delinquency  2. explanations for discrepancy between arrest data and self- report data  a. lower-class offenses are more likely to come to attention of police and result in arrest  b. Chambliss’ study showed visibility, demeanor, and bias affected perceptions 
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 5/11/09 Criticisms of early self-report studies  1. focused on status and minor offenses, and provided little information on  serious delinquency  2. used truncated response categories that failed to accurately measure  high-rate offenders  3. failed to examine very poor juveniles or the length of time that  juveniles had been poor  Later self-report studies such as National Youth Survey (NYS)  1. few or no class differences for most types of minor delinquency  2. lower-class juveniles are more likely to engage in serious delinquency  3. more high-rate offenders in lower class 
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 5/11/09 So WHAT IS the relationship between class and delinquency? Depends on the seriousness of the
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(4) Who is Most Likely to Engage in Delinquency - JD:...

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