(2) How is Delinquency Measured

(2) How is Delinquency Measured - JD: Causes and Control...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style How is Delinquency Measured? JD:  Causes and Control (2)
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 5/13/09 3 Major Ways of Estimating Extent Method of measurement impacts conclusions  about delinquency  Three major ways to measure  1. official statistics  2. self-report data  3. victimization data 
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 5/13/09 Official statistics
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 5/13/09 Official Statistics primarily arrest data from police compiled by the  FBI and reported in Crime in the United States:  The Uniform Crime Reports (UCR)  FBI Crime Reports provide various data on crime  1. number of crimes known to the police  2. number of crimes cleared by arrest  3. number of people arrested and characteristics of those  arrested  Clearance and arrest data provide information on extent  of delinquency and trends in delinquency 
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 5/13/09 Part One (Index Part I offenses  1. eight relatively serious violent and property crimes  Violent Crimes (Crimes Against People): Murder, rape, robbery, assault Property Crimes Larceny, burglary, arson, MVT **Robbery is a violent  and  a property crime 2. FBI reports crimes known to police and clearance/arrest data 
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 5/13/09 Part Two Part II offenses  1. twenty additional offenses  Simple assault, curfew offenses, loitering, embezzlement,  forgery, counterfeiting, disorderly conduct, DUI, drug  offenses, fraud, gambling, liquor offenses, family offenses,  prostitution, public drunkenness, runaways, sex offenses,  stolen property, vandalism, vagrancy and weapons offenses 2. FBI only reports arrest data
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 5/13/09 What Do They Tell Us? Age :  only 20% of crimes are cleared by arrest  – little is known about the age of offenders in  most crimes Race :  white youths make up the majority of  arrests.  Black youths are overrepresented in  violent crimes Residence :  often used to determine social 
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 5/13/09 Advantages of Official 1.  represent approximately 95 percent of the 
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This note was uploaded on 06/25/2008 for the course SO 105 taught by Professor Spencer during the Fall '08 term at Fisher.

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(2) How is Delinquency Measured - JD: Causes and Control...

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