Midterm Study Guide

Midterm Study Guide - Midterm Study Guide Geography 5...

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Midterm Study Guide Geography 5 – People and Earth’s Ecosystems What is Geography? 1. Natural and Social Science a. Physical- geomorphology, hydrology, topography, climatology, ecology, soils b. Human/Cultural- demographics, political/economic, class/race/gender, social c. Human-Environmental- deforestation 2. Space vs. Place Place has more of a human aspect- place = some sort of space + meaning Place-making- how do people make places/give meaning to spaces? Eg. classrooms, Disneyland, etc. How places get made, how we make places from nature 3. Multi-Disciplinary Must know about different fields even when you’re studying just one subject- eg. to study Colorado River, must have some knowledge about Hydrology, Engineering, Spanish, Poli- Sci, Law, Soil Sciences, Int’l Relations etc. Deconstruction Don’t take anything for granted- take everything apart, down to the basics; truth is socially constructed- made by humans- so we can take things apart, find our own truth in them Dvlped by Jacques Demida , used to destabilize/undercut truth claims On surface, text/argument seems coherent, consistent, unequivocal, about something real – but instead, every written work inherently filled with contradiction, holds no finality in meaning- any time you create a “center” of truth, you inherently create periphery, marginalization which ultimately => untruth Epistemology The study of how we create knowledge/come to know things Views of Nature 1. Utilitarian Perspective (aka Shallow Ecology/Conservation Perspective) Assumptions Conservation, sustainable use of resources big theme; uses terms like: manage, control, conserve, dominate nature… a dominant strain in our society today fr many diff groups Technocratic- seeks managerial, technical solutions to env’t probs w/in existing socio-economic frameworks Anthropocentric- sees human values as source of all values, sees use of nature for human ends; no real inherent interest in nature except in relation to/purpose for us => idea that harmony can exist Critiques Too technocratic- treats nature as resource to be used; can technology really tell us how nature is? Intellectually limited? Doesn’t address deeper structural probs that underlie envt’l issues What about social consequences of growth- is it all good? 2. Eco-centric Perspective (aka Deep Ecology/Deep Greens Perspective) Assumptions Nature has inherent rights to existence that are just as, if not more, impt than humans Nature is a model for human society Uses terms like save, get back to, live in harmony w/nature; espouses shedding all aspects of modernity, going back to living w/nature etc. Espouses getting back to nature which involves dismantling of political/economic structures;
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This note was uploaded on 06/24/2008 for the course GEOG 6 taught by Professor Diamond during the Spring '08 term at UCLA.

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Midterm Study Guide - Midterm Study Guide Geography 5...

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