Lecture Notes_3

Lecture Notes_3 - History 1A Lecture Notes 02/21/07 ROME...

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History 1A – Lecture Notes 02/21/07 ROME Thru Rome, Greece passes on many traditions of W; thru passage of Christianity, etc, it ensures survival of Greco-Roman culture which becomes foundation of our own Romans crafted elements of Greek culture onto their own & Romanized much of Europe- Greco-Roman legacy, passed Europe, America City of Rome located in W Cntrl Italy, 50 mi inland on Terranian Sea on Tiber River ; E Bank of Tiber, 7 hills, all of which incorporated early on into city of Rome Rome in ideal situation- has access to fresh water, roots of transportation & commerce, is far enough inland to be secure from assault by sea, has central location in Italy which will facilitate eventual conquest of Italian peninsula, has easy access to sea- will promote Founding of city of Rome- 2 major sources: Roman myths, archaeology o Myths became public w/publications of Virgil’s Aenid- represents combo of native Roman, Greek traditions; Romans decide their ancestors are the Trojans; after Trojans lost Trojan War, nobleman Aenias finds his way to Italy, settles in reg Latium, but doesn’t found Rome- this must wait for 12 more generations; after 12 more generations in direct line of Aenias, Mars, god of war, impregnates a virgin who gives birth to Romulus & Remus; under order of king, these boys exposed, left to die by Tiber River; they’re rescued, nurtured by a she-wolf, and they’re raised by a shepherd and grow up; they decide to found a city, they get into an argument, Romulus kills Remus, and Romulus founds city of Rome on the Paletine Hill on April 21 st , 753 BC o Archaeology broadly confirms foundation date; nobody believes in myth, but archaeological record shows urban living on Paletine Hill beginning ~8 th cent; cmmty on Palatine then enlarges, gradually, to incl the other 6 hills; by 8 th cent, Latins not only ppl in Italy; besides lg # of other Italic ppls, 2 grps that did most to Etruscans from reg of Etruria, N of Laesha; much about them mysterious, incl their origins- 2 schools of thought, one believes they are native to Etruria, another more likely- holds they’re immigrants from Asia Minor During this early per, Etruscans possess more advanced civ than their S Latin neighbors; Romans borrow much from Etruscans, esp in areas of religion & trappings of Roman monarchy; religion- Romans adopt Distrapena. .?- Etruscan Learning : Has to do w/telling future by examining entrails of sacrificed animals; also borrow Etruscan insignia of power- incl symbol that Romans called fasces , rods/axes bundled together; plus kingship taken over by Etruscans? Romans also learn alphabet from Etruscans who’d learned it from Greek colonists in
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Lecture Notes_3 - History 1A Lecture Notes 02/21/07 ROME...

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