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(23) Incapacitation and Deterrence

(23) Incapacitation and Deterrence - I S IT POSSIBLE TO...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style Agnew (23) Is it possible to control delinquency by punishing more and punishing more severely?   Strategies of deterrence and incapacitation
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I.  Introduction  JJS criticized for not being tough enough, especially with serious offenders l 1. criticism voiced by politicians and media l 2. criticism shard by many in juvenile justice system l Argued that juvenile justice system needs to “get tough” with offenders, especially serious offenders l Efforts aim to increase level of direct control
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Dealing with Serious  Offenders –
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Not Tough Enough Criticized for not being tough enough l 1. large majority referred to juvenile court have their cases dismissed, handled informally, or placed on probation l 2. little contact with their probation officers and subject to only minimal sanctions l 3. even most serious offenders do not receive severe sanctions l 4. juvenile court is less likely than adult court to incarcerate serious offenders
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Efforts to Get Tough 1. U.S. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention’s comprehensive strategy l a. hold juvenile offenders accountable for their behaviors through swift, consistent application of sanctions that are proportionate to offenses l b. recommend system of “graduated sanctions” (1) immediate sanctions for first-time, nonviolent offenders (2) intermediate sanctions for serious offenders
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3. efforts to get tough with serious offenders l a. make more efficient use of court staff (1) divert less serious cases out of court systems (2) employ risk assessment instruments to classify offenders l b. impose more severe sanctions (1) use intermediate sanctions (2) mandatory minimum sentences/sentencing guidelines (3) blended sentences (4) waiver to adult court
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4. effect of get-tough policies
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