(2) Culture - Culture (2) (M Spencer) What is Culture?...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style 5/12/09 Culture (2) (M Spencer)
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What is Culture? Values, beliefs and material objects that together form a people’s way of life Non-material culture intangible human creations like altruism and Zen Material culture tangible creations What is society ? Ppl who interact in a defined territory and share culture Culture shapes what we do and helps form our personalities – what we commonly refer to as “human nature”
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Culture and Human Intelligence What sets primates apart from other creatures is intelligence Primates have the largest brains relative to body size of all creatures Common traits shared by primates are great sociability, affectionate and long lasting bonds for child rearing and mutual protections, the ability to walk upright and hands that manipulate with great precision Stone Age marks the period where our ancestors made culture their primary tool
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5/12/09 The Components of Culture Symbols, language, values/ beliefs, norms
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5/12/09 What does the flag
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Symbols Humans transform the world into symbols Anything that carries a particular meaning recognized by those who share a culture We are so dependent on our culture’s symbols that we take them for granted We become aware of this when someone uses a symbol in an unconventional way Culture shock is the inability to read meanings into new surroundings Travelers also inflict culture shock when
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5/12/09 Flag Burning Our dependence on symbols becomes apparent to us when someone uses the symbols in an unconventional way
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Language System of symbols that allows ppl to communicate with each other language facilitates communication and ensures the continuity of culture It transmit the culture from one generation to the next Each language has its words/ symbols that are unique and have no counterpart in other languages Sapir-Whorf Thesis – holds that ppl
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Values and Beliefs Values – culturally defined standards which assess desirability, goodness and beauty that serve as broad guidelines for social living They underlie beliefs – specific statements that ppl hold to be true Values are abstract ideas of goodness; beliefs are particular mattes ppl hold to be true or false
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This note was uploaded on 06/25/2008 for the course SOCI 102 taught by Professor Spencer during the Spring '08 term at Bridgewater State University.

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(2) Culture - Culture (2) (M Spencer) What is Culture?...

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