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(3) Socialization Infancy to Old Age

(3) Socialization Infancy to Old Age - Socialization from...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style 5/7/09 Socialization:  from infancy to old age  (3) (M Spencer)
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5/7/09 Social Experience: The Key to Our Humanity
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5/7/09 Without social experience, a child is incapable of thought, emotion or meaningful action – more an object than a person What is socialization ? Life long social experience by which we learn culture and our potential as human beings Social experience is also the basis for personality A person’s fairly consistent patterns of acting, thinking and feeling We build our personality by taking in or internalizing
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5/7/09 Human Development:  Nature and Nurture Many mistakenly took Darwin’s work to mean that human bx was instinctive and therefore Some ppl are born criminals, women are innately emotional and men innately rational Ppl trying to understand cultural diversity also made mistakes conclude that less technologically sophisticated societies were biologically less evolved and therefore less human, this was very damaging This view helped justify colonialism
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5/7/09 Social Isolation Cutting ppl off form the social world can be harmful Researchers can not put ppl into isolation for long periods of times Did studies with monkeys Harry and Margaret Harlow placed rhesus monkeys in various conditions of social isolation Complete isolation for as little as 6 months seriously disturbed their development Monkeys placed in cages with a wire mesh artificial
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5/7/09 Understanding Socialization How are we socialized??
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5/7/09 Sigmund Freud – The Elements of Personality Humans have two basic needs: 1. Need for bonding – Eros (life instinct) 2. Aggressive drive – thanatos (death instinct) These forces operating at an unconscious level cause deep inner tension Incorporating these basic needs along with the influence of society, Freud developed his model of personality
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5/7/09 1. Id – basic drives which are unconscious and demand immediate satisfaction Present at birth but society opposes the self centered id 2. Ego – conscious effort to balance innate pleasure seeking drives with demand of society We can not have everything tat we want 3. Superego – conscience – begins to form as a child becomes aware of parental demands an
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5/7/09 Initially kids an only feel good in a physical way By age 3 or 4 they can feel good or bad as they judge their bc against norms Id and superego are in conflict – the ego of a well adjusted person keeps this in balance
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