(5) Groups and organization

(5) Groups and organization - Click to edit Master subtitle...

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Unformatted text preview: Click to edit Master subtitle style Groups and organization (5) (M Spencer) Social groups  What is a social group ? 2 or more ppl who identify and interact with one another  Not every group of ppl is a social group  Ppl with a status in common are a category and not a social group They know that other ppl hold this same status but they are likely strangers to each other Can you think of an example? Primary and secondary groups  Social groups fall into 2 categories depending on their degree of genuine concern of each other Primary Groups Secondary Groups small social group with personal and enduring relationships. Spend a lot of time together, know each other pretty well. Display personal orientation define lg impersonal group whose members pursue a specific goal or activity Weak emotional ties, little personal knowledge of each other Do not think of themselves as we Group leadership  An important aspect of group dynamics is leadership  There are 2 types of leadership: 1. Instrumental emphasizes the completion of tasks Formal, secondary relationships with other members Successful instrumental leaders enjoy more respect from other members 2. Expressive emphasizes collective well being raising morale and minimizing tensions Cultivate more primary ties  We also characterize leadership in terms of its decision making styles : 1. Authoritarian focus on instrumental concerns Takes personal charge of decision making Demands strict compliance from subordinates 2. Democratic more expressive Includes everyone in decision making process 3. Laissez-faire (French for to leave alone ) allows the group to function more or less on its own Group conformity  Groups often influence their members bx by promoting conformity  Fitting in provides pleasure but conformity can be unpleasant and dangerous  Asch showed that many ppl are willing to compromise their own judgment to avoid being...
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This note was uploaded on 06/25/2008 for the course SOCI 102 taught by Professor Spencer during the Spring '08 term at Bridgewater State University.

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(5) Groups and organization - Click to edit Master subtitle...

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