(7) Deviance - DEVIANCE (7) (M Spencer) WHAT IS DEVIANCE?...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style 5/12/09 Deviance (7) (M Spencer)
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5/12/09 What is deviance?
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 5/12/09 Recognized violation of social norm Crime  is a category of deviance  – violation of  formally enacted law Common element of all deviant acts – element of  difference that causes us to regard someone as an  outsider Not all deviance requires an action – very  existence of some categories of ppl All of us are us are subject to social control –  attempts by society to regulate our thoughts and 
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 5/12/09 Biological Perspective Cesare Lombroso: 3 types of criminals: 1. Born criminals – criminal are a  lower form of life nearer to their  apelike ancestors  huge jaws, strong canine teeth, arm  span is greater than their height Person born with 5 stigmata is a born 
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 5/12/09 Atavistic Stigmata Deviation in the head size and shape from type  common to race and region from which the criminal  came.   Asymmetry of the face.   Eye defects and peculiarities.  
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 5/12/09 2.  insane criminals – change in their brains  which interferes with their ability to distinguish  bt right and wrong 3.  criminaloids- ambiguous group that includes  habitual offenders, criminals by passion and  others Female Criminals – Lombroso searched for signs  of atavism but due to the small number of female  criminals could not find any He concluded this was bc women were less evolved  than men
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 5/12/09 Personality Factors Deviance is the result of unsuccessful  socialization Freud – personality theory Well being depends on a healthy  interaction bt all parts of personality What are the parts of the personality?
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 5/12/09 Walter Reckless  - Assumes that for  every individual there exists a  containing external structure and a  protective internal structure Self concept contains bx Good boys can handle frustration  and follow cultural norms and  values
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 5/12/09 Social Foundations of Deviance Classical theorists view deviance as free will choice All bx is shaped by society including deviance 3 social foundations of deviance: 1. Deviance varies according to cultural norms –  no bx is inherently deviant it becomes deviant relative to  particular norms 2. Ppl become deviant as others define them that way –  we all violate cultural norms – 
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5/12/09 The Somatotype School 1st half of 20th Century Related body build to bx Endomorph (Santa Claus) soft body underdeveloped muscles round shaped over-developed digestive system Mesomorph (athlete/ body builder) – CRIME PRONE hard, muscular body overly mature appearance
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This note was uploaded on 06/25/2008 for the course SOCI 102 taught by Professor Spencer during the Spring '08 term at Bridgewater State University.

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(7) Deviance - DEVIANCE (7) (M Spencer) WHAT IS DEVIANCE?...

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