toddler2 - Toddler and Preschool Nutrition part 2 (rest of...

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Toddler and Preschool Nutrition – part 2 (rest of Chapter 10 and Chapter 11) New DRI for energy is quite a bit different from earlier version – lower now: Was: 102kcal/kg and 90 kcal/kg, respectively Now: - toddler (1-2 year old) based on calculation using actual weight (89 x kg – 100) +20 - mean for ages 1-2 using reference toddler (avg toddler) is 992 kcals/day -preschooler (3-8 year old) based on gender, age, height, weight, activity level (sedentary, low active, active, very active) -wide range but mean for this age group is 1642 kcals/day *Note: age grouping different from other DRI’s and not exactly preschool/toddler can’t really go by overall DRI for age group – not very individual DRI in tables mostly for meal planning for groups (School Lunch, daycare) Other DRIs (note: age range doesn’t fit our 2 life stages perfectly) **Specifically important for growth** 1-3 years 4-8 years Protein 1.1 g/kg (13g/day) 0.95 g/kg (19 g/day) Iron* 7 mg/day 10 mg/day Zinc 3 mg/day 5 mg/day Calcium 500 mg/day 800 mg/day Vitamin D (AI, not RDA) 5 micrograms/day 5 micrograms/day DOES NOT CHANGE Fiber (includes “functional fiber”) 19 g/day 25 g/day (increase fiber based on increase caloric intake ) *Iron is a toxicity risk for children Lead is an environmental risk for young children—old homes: paint, pipes, blinds, shades (Just keep in mind) 1
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Why should we limit milk to 24 ounces per day for young children? -Before 2: whole milk -Limit milk to 3 cups (24 ounces) limit b/c they will get full and won’t get other nutrients (ex: iron) Why should we limit 100% juice for young children? (how much should they have?) -Limit juice because of nutrient dilution (such as decreased protein and fiber -Vitamin A, C, fortified with calcium sometimes -calories -Fruit juice not a required. Better to give real fruit. FOCUS ON CITRUS -How much: <
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This note was uploaded on 06/24/2008 for the course HNFE 2014 taught by Professor Hosig during the Spring '08 term at Virginia Tech.

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toddler2 - Toddler and Preschool Nutrition part 2 (rest of...

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