toddler1 - Toddler and Preschool Nutrition What is a...

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Toddler and Preschool Nutrition What is a toddler? 1 (12 months) to 3 years (36 months) What is a preschooler? 3 years to 5 years (up to kindergarten) Nutrition-related issues: Physical Growth and Development Body Systems: - muscle mass - skeletal mass - CNS - gross and fine motor skills Cognitive Growth and Development: - brain/CNS Psychological aspects of the feeding relationship and eating behavior - balance/moderation - healthy eating attitudes - healthy eating habits Goals: Optimal nutrition status to reach full potential in growth and development Establish healthy attitudes toward food --Food as nourishment instead of comfort --Food tastes good! --Nutrition is important Establish healthy eating habits --Variety, moderation, and balance! 1
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*All begins early!!! - no longer have full control, but are responsible for access/environment If poor nutrition status occurs during this period, long-lasting effects may develop: - stunted - impaired cognitive development - disordered eating *Both undernutrition and overnutrition can be problems Special Nutrition Issues of Concern for Toddlers and Preschoolers Nutrients -energy—too little or too much -protein adequate quantity and quality for growth, immune function, etc. -iron growth, cognitive development -zinc growth, appetite -calcium optimal skeletal mass -vitamin D calcium absorption and utilization -fluoride strong teeth (fluorosis—look up in controversies) -fiber laxation/regularity Feeding Relationship - importance of exploration offer new foods and new textures (so kid has exposure) - offer, don’t force - allow child to self-regulate - importance of family meals 2
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toddler1 - Toddler and Preschool Nutrition What is a...

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