infant1of2 - Infant Nutrition Part One of Two (Chapters 8...

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Infant Nutrition – Part One of Two (Chapters 8 and 9) Primary Factors in Nutritional Needs for Infants and How these Needs Should be Met Rapid growth – fastest period of growth after birth Development of motor skills – what texture, whether can eat from spoon, feed self, drink from cup, etc. Maturation of digestive system - what can infant digest/absorb -what things might cause problems if absorbed intact Special conditions: preterm birth LBW, VLBW, SGA, maybe low APGAR score LBW associated with increase risk of FTT digestive problems can’t digest some compound (e.g. lactose, fat, a particular protein) intolerances (not as specific) can’t digest and/or absorb and/or metabolize normally side effects allergies immune response to protein inborn errors of metabolism inability to metabolize once absorbed and in bloodstream examples = PKU, galactosemia, maple syrup urine disease Growth Fastest period of growth after birth is the period between 0 to 6 months On average, babies double _ birth weight by 6 months, triple birth weight by 1 year 1
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2) Motor Development Primarily affects: -ability to ingest food -form of food required -assistance required Reflexes Important for newborns to feed successfully Primary reflexes related to feeding include: - Rooting - Sucking - Suckling —tongue moving back and forth to massage the milk out *suckling reflex must disappear before baby can eat from spoon well Voluntary muscle control Affects ability to progress from bottle/breast feeding to spoon feeding to self-feeding with utensils -also affects calorie requirement Proceeds in predictable manner: - top to bottom head to feet - central to peripheral middle of body to outer extremities Examples of motor development influence on eating: Bottle to spoon feeding: - sit up 2
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-head control - suckling reflex disappears - lip control - tongue side to side Bottle to open cup (usually happens later than spoon feeding) - tongue can control liquid
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This note was uploaded on 06/24/2008 for the course HNFE 2014 taught by Professor Hosig during the Spring '08 term at Virginia Tech.

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infant1of2 - Infant Nutrition Part One of Two (Chapters 8...

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