(2) Global Views - A Global View of Family Social and Legal...

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A Global View of Family, Social and Legal Relations Chapter 2
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Chapter 2 The family is a fertile environment for deadly aggression Family is an important institution within the scheme of human stability Its members follow rules and are bound by acceptable standards of behavior In the past violence against intimates has been tolerated as accepted social conduct and alternatively condemned as deviant behavior There is often a difference bt the law and social practikce Patriarchy often defined the relationships bt the husband and his wife and children Even today social mores will keep private the abuses that are legally prohibited
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Early Social-Legal History
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Chapter 2 Ancient World of Greece Dracon, a lawgiver: 1 st written laws appeared in Athens around 621 BC People guilty of small infractions deserved the death penalty and there was no greater penalty for those who committed more serious infractions His Codes of law as well as the Solonian Codes had great influence on the courts since rulings were based on the interpretation of the law Solon – law reformers who mitigated Draconian laws – lawgiver in 594 BC Threw out all the old laws except for the homicide law Created many new laws, esp in tort and family laws Introduced the concept that all citizens should have access to justice in the courts – redefined the nature of citizenship All citizens were defined according to their economic class Solon’s family laws regulated the bc of men and women Wrote laws on allowances in marriage and adoption, inheritance and supporting roles of parents Penalties were not set but enforced by the head of the particular family Women were controlled by men at nearly every stage of their life Under constant supervision by their kyrios (official guardian) Women’s role in the law was limited to rare occasions where they presented evidence in court or were being displayed with their family to evoke pity Their duties were to bear children and run the household
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Chapter 2 Roman Empire Male head of the family had full rights and powers over his wife, children and any descendants who sprang from him through male lineage only Women, children and slaves were property that could be bought or sold Any harm committed against a woman was viewed as an offense against her father or husband Husband originally had the right to kill his wife if she engaged in adultery – this right was later limited to the father It was the male owner who sought vengeance or compensation for his loss A female could not be an aggrieved party nor was she held responsible for her actions Lack of legal standing prevented the woman from appealing to the courts for relief if punishment was excessive or w/o cause Under the laws of Romulus – wife could not divorce her husband He was granted rights of divorce when she had used drugs or magic or for adultery
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(2) Global Views - A Global View of Family Social and Legal...

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