Chapter 1 - & PY355& 8-23 Chapter 1 Research in the...

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08/23/2016 ° PY355 ° 8-23 Chapter 1: Research in the Behavioral Sciences Historical Antecedents of behavioral research o Philosophy Knowledge------- Aristotle (384-322 BC) Nativism vs empiricalism o Innate vs learned: Innate: born with the knowledge Learned: Aristotle (384-322 BC); acquired thru lifetime Monism vs Dualism------- Descartes (1596-1650) Separation of mind and body DES= interactive dualism (most known) o Reflexive vs voluntary reaction o humans have free will, but not other animals only humans have voluntary reactions Conscious mind composed of elements----- John Locke (1632-1704) JL: Tabu Rasa o Interested in value of experiences o Expanded on Aristotle o Consciousness made of independent elements that expand on experiences o Up to this point, no empirical support for the mentioned ideas Based on logical reasoning
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No experiments conducted to support/refute o Result: no way to test validity William Wundt o Founder of psych o Lab at university of Leipzig (first psych lab) o
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