study guide ch. 1 exam - BIO 1510 study guide for exam#1...

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BIO 1510 study guide for exam #1 6/2/08 For the exam on Monday, 6/2/08, you should be able to answer the following questions and perform the stated tasks. A. General 1. Know the definitions for the words and terms highlighted in RED on the Power Point slides B. Introduction to science and biology 1. List and explain the properties of living organisms 2. Recreate the steps of hierarchical organization (atoms through biosphere) cellular level – Atoms, molecules, macromolecules, organelle, cell. Organismal - tissue, organ, organ system, organism. Populational – population, species, community, ecosystem, biosphere. 3. Define inductive and deductive reasoning. Given an example, you should be able to state whether the reasoning is inductive or deductive Inductive – use specific observation to construct general principles (logically invalid) deductive – use general principles to predict specific results (logically valid). 4. What are the steps of the scientific method? Be able to identify an example of each step. Observation, question, potential hypothesis, hypothesis, prediction, experiments(s), prediction confirmed. 5. Given a scenario (an observation / question), be able to recognize a reasonable hypothesis (in other words, you need to know that a hypothesis is a tentative answer to a question, that it must be falsifiable, etc.) 6. What lines of evidence did Darwin propose to support his ideas of evolution by means of natural selection? Finches beak changes for surrounding needs 7. What contribution did Malthus lend in the development of Darwin’s theory? Population arithmetic. 8. What did Darwin conclude about individuals competing for survival? Survival of the fittest. 9. Who is Alfred Russell Wallace? Young naturalist that came up with natural selection too! 10. What evidence has since supported Darwin’s theory of natural selection? Fossils and genetic – molecular evidence. 11. Provide definitions for the following terms: a. analogy - a similarity between like features of two things b. biology - the science of life or living matter c. evolution - change in the gene pool of a population from generation to generation by such processes as mutation, natural selection, and genetic drift. d. Fact - something that actually exists e. Homology - a fundamental similarity based on common descent. a structural similarity of two segments of one animal based on a common developmental origin. f. Science - a branch of knowledge or study g. theory - principles of explanation C. Inorganic biochemistry 1. Define matter – anything that occupies space and has mass. Page 1 of 8 Pandolfi, Spring / Summer 2008
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BIO 1510 study guide for exam #1 6/2/08 2. What is the basic make-up of an atom? Protons, neutron, electrons Be able to label a simple diagram, and understand the basic properties of the subatomic particles (charge, location, etc.) 3.
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