BIO 1510 study guide for exam #1
For the exam on Monday, 6/2/08, you should be able to answer the following questions and perform the stated
Know the definitions for the words and terms highlighted in
on the Power Point slides
Introduction to science and biology
List and explain the properties of living organisms
Recreate the steps of hierarchical organization (atoms through biosphere)
cellular level – Atoms,
molecules, macromolecules, organelle, cell.
Organismal - tissue, organ, organ system, organism.
Populational – population, species, community, ecosystem, biosphere.
Define inductive and deductive reasoning.
Given an example, you should be able to state whether the
reasoning is inductive or deductive
Inductive – use specific observation to construct general
principles (logically invalid)
deductive – use general principles to predict specific results (logically valid).
What are the steps of the scientific method?
Be able to identify an example of each step.
question, potential hypothesis, hypothesis, prediction, experiments(s), prediction confirmed.
Given a scenario (an observation / question), be able to recognize a reasonable hypothesis (in other
words, you need to know that a hypothesis is a tentative
to a question, that it must be falsifiable, etc.)
What lines of evidence did Darwin propose to support his ideas of evolution by means of natural
Finches beak changes for surrounding needs
What contribution did Malthus lend in the development of Darwin’s theory?
What did Darwin conclude about individuals competing for survival?
Survival of the fittest.
Who is Alfred Russell Wallace?
Young naturalist that came up
with natural selection too!
What evidence has since supported Darwin’s theory of natural selection?
Fossils and genetic – molecular
Provide definitions for the following terms:
a similarity between like features of two things
the science of life or living matter
change in the gene pool of a population from generation to generation by such processes as
mutation, natural selection, and genetic drift.
something that actually exists
a fundamental similarity based on common descent.
a structural similarity of two segments of one animal based on a common
a branch of knowledge or study
principles of explanation
Define matter –
anything that occupies space and has mass.
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Pandolfi, Spring / Summer 2008