BONADIE - Study Guide for Test 1. Why did the Conference of...

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Study Guide for Test 1. Why did the Conference of Berlin take place at the time it did and not earlier? What consequences did it bring for Europe and Africa? While some Historians emphasize economic reasons, some stress nationalistic motives, and others refuse to advance a theory of a single cause to explain this unprecedented imperialist frenzy about Africa. In attempt to prevent conflicts that could eventually lead to war amongst themselves, European governments agreed to formalize their territorial wishes and to partition Africa at the Berlin Conference. 2. Discuss the differences between European “settler” colonies and “non-settler colonies. Settlers stayed permanently. They take possession of African land, and had little thought or intentions of returning home. The non-settlers were mainly concerned with managing and supervising the exploitation of resources as well as safe-guarding the geo-political interests of the metropolitan state. 3. How did the introduction of the house tax and other taxes by European colonizers impact Africans? Alienation of land from African peoples and forced labor policies seen as necessary for profits. 4. What was the promise contained in the 1941 Atlantic Charter that convinced many Africans to participate in World War II? The promise contained in the 1941 Atlantic Charter that convinced Africans to participate in WWII was that “after the war, independence would be granted to non-self governing territories. 5. What happened during colonialism so that: “The individual members of whole African societies witnessed a kind of joint humiliation: their own, along with that of their noble rulers, at the same time, and in the same place? The European colonizers did not develop the infrastructure evenly. They only invested in roads and train rutes into the interior to extract gods and they only build towns with schools and hospitals, ets, where they lived. 6. Give an example of one of these mishaps (pitfalls of national consciousness). Many educated people who end up leading these countries are not in fact educated as leaders of countries. Theses were the petit-bourgeoisie, the doctors, lawyers and factory managers. They were never the owners of factors, etc. 7. Explain (using Fanon) how there could be a deepening division between the interior and the places where the European colonizers settled even after independence. Immediately after independence the nationalists who live in the more prosperous regions realize their good luck and show a primary and profound reaction in refusing to feed the other nationalist. The districts which are rich in
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BONADIE - Study Guide for Test 1. Why did the Conference of...

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