lecture notes 2.6 - Sam Bishop EALC 110 Mencius believed...

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Sam Bishop EALC 110 2/6/07 Mencius believed the most important part of a state was the 1) people, then the 2) institutions, then the 3) ruler- Confucian thought 1) ruler 2) state, institutions, 3) the people- School of the Law complete opposite belief of hierarchy than Confucians. All about government, highly materialistic- no spiritual side of life School of Law- best represented by Han Feizi (master) author during Warring States period. Main points of Legalism come from Han Feizi- student of Shunzi Qin state- had toughness and aggression- rulers were receptive to legalism philosophy 2 prior legalists that focused on 2 aspects of legalist beliefs –Shen Buhai – statecraft aspect of legalist philosophy , 2) Wei Yang (Shang Yang 4 th c. B.C.)- law State craft: (private) revolved around the ruler himself- gives the ruler absolute authority- unity of command and government- one central source of authority, law, and power. Ruler should appoint officials according to abilities- not family background. Ruler should hold absolute power of life and death over everyone.
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