Unit 1 - Studying Behavior scientifically

Unit 1 - Studying Behavior scientifically - General...

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General Psychology Psychology 101 Thinking Critically with  Psychological Science— History and research methods  within psychology Kay Lynn Beard
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What is Psychology? Psychology the science of behavior and mental  processes Nature-Nurture Issue the long-standing controversy over the  relative contribution of genes and  experience to the development of  psychological traits and behaviors
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What is Psychology? Psychology’s Current Perspectives Perspective Focus Neuroscience How the body and brain create emotions, memories, and sensory experiences Behavior How much our genes, and our environment, influence our genetics individual differences Behavioral How we learn observable responses Evolutionary How nature selects traits that promote the perpetuation of one’s genes Psychodynamic How behavior springs from unconscious drives and conflicts Cognitive How we encode, process, store, and retrieve information Social-cultural How behavior and thinking vary across situations and cultures
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What is Psychology? Clinical Psychology a branch of psychology that studies,  assesses, and treats people with  psychological disorders Psychiatry a branch of medicine dealing with  psychological disorders practiced by physicians who sometimes  provide medical (for example, drug)  treatment as well as psychological 
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Research in Psychology Basic Research pure science that aims to increase the  scientific knowledge base Applied Research scientific study that aims to solve  practical problems
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Research in psychology Fosters Critical Thinking   thinking that does not blindly accept  arguments and conclusions discerns hidden values evaluates evidence examines assumptions assesses conclusions
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Problems in thinking Hindsight Bias   tendency to believe, after learning an  outcome, that one would have foreseen  it, the “I-knew-it-all-along” phenomenon Overconfidence we tend to think we know more than we  do Confirmation Bias
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Our preconceptions can bias our observations and 
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Unit 1 - Studying Behavior scientifically - General...

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