Exam 2 - Polis (pg. 100) In the most basic sense, a polis...

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Polis (pg. 100) In the most basic sense, a polis could be defined as a small but autonomous political unit in which all major political, social, and religious activities were carried out at one central location. The polis consisted of a city, town, or village and its surrounding countryside. The city, town, or village was the focus, a central point where the citizens of the polis could assemble for political, social, and religious activities. In some poleis, this central meeting point was a hill, like the Acropolis at Athens, which could serve as a place of refuge during an attack and later in some sites came to be the religious center on which temples and public monuments were erected. Below the acropolis would be an agora, an open place that served both as a market and as a place where citizens could assemble. Poleis varied greatly in size, from a few square miles to a few hundred square miles. They also varied in population. Athens had a population of about 250,000 by the fifth century B.C.E. But most poleis were much smaller, consisting of only a few hundred to several thousand people. Although our word politics is derived from the Greek term polis, the polis itself was much more than a political institution. It was a community of citizens in which all political, economic, social, cultural, and religious activities were focused. As a community, the polis consisted of citizens with political rights (adult males), citizens with
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Exam 2 - Polis (pg. 100) In the most basic sense, a polis...

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