20.1.4 Carbohydrates in Your Diet-R

20.1.4 Carbohydrates in Your Diet-R - 1 slice bread •...

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2.1.4 Carbohydrates in  Your Diet
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Carbohydrates in Your Diet grains  vegetables  fruits  oils   dairy  meat & beans
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Acceptable Macronutrient  Distribution Ranges (AMDRs) Carbohydrates: 45-65%   Protein: 10-35%  Fat: 20-35%  Note: % is of total energy consumed
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Carbohydrates in Your Diet Dietary guidelines recommend a diet  high in fiber  low in added sugar
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Fig. 5-20 Kernel of wheat Bran contains most of the fiber. Endosperm is mostly starch. Germ contains vitamins and minerals. Whole-wheat  versus  white flour
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Unformatted text preview: 1 slice bread : • Whole-wheat; 1.4g fiber • White; 0.4g fiber Fiber (soluble & insoluble) • helps control weight • reduces “spikes” in blood glucose • reduce risk heart disease • healthy GI tract Not Enough Carbohydrates? - then gluconeogenesis occurs Amino acids (proteins), glycerol (fats) and products of krebs cycle are converted to glucose • low carbohydrate diets • glycogen stores used up • endurance sports...
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20.1.4 Carbohydrates in Your Diet-R - 1 slice bread •...

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