2.3.3 proteins in your diet-r

2.3.3 proteins in your diet-r - • increase phytochemicals...

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2.3.3 Proteins in Your Diet
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Proteins in Your Diet grains  vegetables  fruits  oils   dairy  meat & beans
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Acceptable Macronutrient  Distribution Ranges (AMDRs) Carbohydrates: 45-65%  Protein: 10-35%   Fat: 20-35%  Note: % is of total energy consumed
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Proteins in Your Diet Dietary guidelines recommend 0.8g of protein/ kg body weight/ day Example: body weight = 124 lbs 124 lbs (÷ 2.2) = 56.36 kg 56.36 kg x 0.8/kg = 45 g protein
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Vegetarian Diets  many famous people  different forms vegetarianism  lacto-ovo-vegetarian  lacto-vegetarian  ovo-vegetarian  vegan  fruitarian
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Health benefits  of a  well balanced   vegetarian diet  less saturated fat  less cholesterol  increase fiber  increase vitamins, minerals  increase antioxidants
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Unformatted text preview: • increase phytochemicals Dietary Recommendations for Vegetarians • use protein sources such as legumes, tofu, TVP (textured vegetable protein) • use calcium-fortified soy milk; low fat or skim milk • limit cheese and eggs in diet • whole grains, unrefined products • variety fruit, vegetables and nuts • focus on iron, Vit B 12 , zinc, calcium Protein Deficiency • protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) kwashiorkor (edema) marasmus (muscle wasting) Fig 6.7 Proteins Regulate Fluid Balance Excess protein in the diet has been associated with • obesity • heart disease • osteoporosis • cancer • kidney problems...
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2.3.3 proteins in your diet-r - • increase phytochemicals...

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