21.4.2. Making ATP-R

21.4.2. Making ATP-R - 2.4.2 Cells Make ATP Types of Energy...

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2.4.2 Cells Make ATP
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Types of Energy  potential energy  kinetic energy  thermal energy  chemical energy
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Structure of Mitochondria Structure is the  key to ATP   production H+ H+ H+ H+ H+ H+ H+
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Electron transfer  electron carriers (coenzymes) NAD +  + 2H +  + 2e -   NADH  + H + FAD +  + 2H +  + 2e - FADH 2
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Outer mitochondrial membrane Mitochondrial matrix Fig. 8.7 O 2 + 4H + ATP synthase H + ATP ADP + P i 2H + 2H + Protein complex 4e 2H 2 O 2e 2e H + NAD + FAD NADH + H + FADH 2 Inner mitochondrial membrane Mitochondrial matrix Intermembrane space Electron Transport Chain
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Mitochondrial Disorders  Lufts syndrome lots of mitochondria present but  inefficient at producing ATP  Friedreichs ataxia abnormal protein allows iron to  accumulate inside the mitochondria
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Mitochondria  “powerhouse” Cytosol ATP production takes place in the  cytosol and mitochondria
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Fig. 8.13 Summary of Glucose Catabolism Krebs  Cycle
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21.4.2. Making ATP-R - 2.4.2 Cells Make ATP Types of Energy...

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